Death Becomes Her / A Century of Mourning Attire

from October 21, 2014 to February 1, 2015

Black Ascot

The “Black Ascot,” 1910
Courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Getty Images

 

Death Becomes Her: A Century of Mourning Attire, The Costume Institute’s first fall exhibition in seven years, will be on view in The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Anna Wintour Costume Center from October 21, 2014 through February 1, 2015. The exhibition will explore the aesthetic development and cultural implications of mourning fashions of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Approximately 30 ensembles, many of which are being exhibited for the first time, will reveal the impact of high-fashion standards on the sartorial dictates of bereavement rituals as they evolved over a century.

4. Mourning Dress Detail, 1902-1904

Mourning Dress (Detail), 1902-1904
Black silk crape, black chiffon, black taffeta
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of The New York Historical Society, 1979
(1979.346.93b, c)
Photo: © The Metropolitan Museum of Art, by Karin Willis

 

With the reopening of The Costume Institute space in May as the Anna Wintour Costume Center, the department returns to mounting two special exhibitions a year, to again include a fall show, in addition to the major spring exhibition.  This is the first fall exhibition The Costume Institute has organized since blog.mode: addressing fashion in 2007.

2. Evening Dress, 1861

Evening Dress, ca. 1861
Black moiré silk, black jet, black lace
Lent by Roy Langford
(C.I.L.37.1a)
Photo: © The Metropolitan Museum of Art, by Karin Willis

“The predominantly black palette of mourning dramatizes the evolution of period silhouettes and the increasing absorption of fashion ideals into this most codified of etiquettes,” said Harold Koda, Curator in Charge of The Costume Institute, who is curating the exhibition with Jessica Regan, Assistant Curator.  “The veiled widow could elicit sympathy as well as predatory male advances.  As a woman of sexual experience without marital constraints, she was often imagined as a potential threat to the social order.”

3. Mourning Dress, 1902-1904

Mourning Dress, 1902-1904
Black silk crape, black chiffon, black taffeta
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of The New York Historical Society, 1979
(1979.346.93b, c)
Photo: © The Metropolitan Museum of Art, by Karin Willis

The thematic exhibition will be organized chronologically and feature mourning dress from 1815 to 1915, primarily from The Costume Institute’s collection. The calendar of bereavement’s evolution and cultural implications will be illuminated through women’s clothing and accessories, showing the progression of appropriate fabrics from mourning crape to corded silks, and the later introduction of color with shades of gray and mauve.

5. Evening Dress, 1902

Henriette Favre (French)
Evening Dress, 1902
Mauve silk tulle, sequins
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Miss Irene Lewisohn, 1937
(C.I.37.44.1)
Photo: © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

“Elaborate standards of mourning set by royalty spread across class lines via fashion magazines,” said Ms. Regan, “and the prescribed clothing was readily available for purchase through mourning ‘warehouses’ that proliferated in European and American cities by mid-century.”

1. Mourning Ensemble, 1870-1872

Mourning Ensemble, 1870-1872
Black silk crape, black mousseline
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Brooklyn Museum Costume Collection at The
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of the Brooklyn Museum, 2009; Gift of Martha
Woodward Weber, 1930 (2009.300.633a, b)
Veil, ca. 1875
Black silk crape
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of Roi White, 1984 (1984.285.1)
Photo: © The Metropolitan Museum of Art, by Karin Willis

The Anna Wintour Costume Center’s Carl and Iris Barrel Apfel Gallery will orient visitors to the exhibition with fashion plates, jewelry, and accessories.  The main Lizzie and Jonathan Tisch Gallery will illustrate the evolution of mourning wear through high fashion silhouettes and will include mourning gowns worn by Queen Victoria and Queen Alexandra.  Examples of restrained simplicity will be shown alongside those with ostentatious ornamentation.  The predominantly black clothes will be set off against a stark white background and amplified with historic photographs and daguerreotypes.

MetMuseum ©

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